In the solemnity of the Epiphany (an appearance or a showing) of Christ to all humanity, the First Reading is from the Prophet Isaiah. God is about to bring a New Dawn to Israel. All the Nations will be drawn to the city bearing all kinds of gifts. This prophecy will be fulfilled when Jesus invites all people to come into his light. The Magi are the first Gentiles to respond to Jesus’ invitation.
The second reading is from Saint Paul’ Letter to the Ephesians. Paul’s message about his special mission to bring the Good News to the Gentiles connects this reading with the general theme of the day. The divine mystery of God, which is present and acting in the humanity of Jesus Christ, becomes a light not only for Israel but for all the nations of the world.
The Gospel is from the Gospel of Matthew. In the Solemnity of the Epiphany, light is a key symbol of this Solemnity. The Magi represent the non-Jewish world who are seekers of God in their own way. The Magi’s journey to Bethlehem in search of the new King is symbolic of the journey all seekers must take. Thus, Epiphany is both a solemnity on which we celebrate God’s manifestation of himself to the Gentile world and our movement toward God.