Shiloh is a site of two major battles, over two thousand years apart, both of which evoke a sense of tragedy and optimism. Shiloh in Israel was the site of the first temple or Tabernacle. When the Israelites moved back into Canaan, reconquering the land they once inhabited, they established the dwelling place for the Ark of the Covenant at the town of Shiloh. In the year 1024BC, the Philistines engaged Israel in battle near Shiloh. When the Israelites lost four thousand men on the first day of battle, they decided on the second day to bring the Ark of the Covenant itself with them into the actual fighting, hoping that would reverse their fortune. It did not. The Philistines overran the Israelite army, stole the Ark, and plundered Shiloh.